Are We There Yet?

Completing Final Checklists


If you are an inspector, chances are you have been asked one or two of the following questions multiple times a day as you near completion of a project:

  • Are we done yet?
  • What do we still need to do?
  • What is next?
  • When can we take possession?
  • If the power projects aren’t completed, but the plumbing is, can we still move in?
  • What is taking so long?
  • Who are we waiting on?
  • You never told me that; when did you tell us that?

If you are an inspector’s boss, chances are you get asked the same questions from the city council, mayor, marketing, building departments etc. and in addition, you are one step removed from the inspection.  What can solve both problems? A Final Checklist.

Why and When Do We Use a Final Checklist?

Whether it is a small or a large construction job, many steps are completed, and in the end, there is one final inspection checklist.  During the inspection, the inspector starts making a list of everything that still needs to be completed before possession can take place.  These may be small things such as “a crack in the sidewalk” to larger issues such as “install wall around development”.

The list may contain items from different city departments as well.  There may be something for the power company, water hydrants, sidewalks, building structure, etc. Coordination for occupancy, ribbon cutting ceremonies, etc. have many people involved. Having one location where all the items can be tracked is imperative so no promises are broken and no dates are given that cannot be met.  

What needs to be included in a final checklist?

A good checklist will start with an organization/city logo and title. Then follows a general information section including:

  • Project Name
  • Address
  • Contractor
  • Contact Information
  • Inspector
  • Date of Inspection

The next section should include the deficiencies and an area to mark off when they are completed.  Having an open text box here allows for the inspector to write as much detail as needed to be able to follow up with the appropriate entity.

Lastly, attaching photos should be a must.  If there are questions in the deficiency section, a picture can quickly show where and how to fix a problem.

At the bottom should be “Signature” and “Date Approved” fields so that a paper or electronic trail can be followed when needed.

Example of a Final Checklist

“It eliminates inadvertent errors” – Ryan Baum, Spanish Fork, Utah

Now that you have read about a Final Checklist, let’s walk you through one.

Starting with the General Information section, you can see that it allows the various items to be easily identified.


Then we will review the deficiencies area. UtiliSync has created what is called a “repeatable section”. This allows you, as the user, to add as many deficiencies or sections as are needed.  No more having to turn the page over to add more.  No more having to waste paper on one or two deficiencies.  Having the ability to list the deficiencies then come back later to check them off allows freedom and easy follow up.


Finishing up at the bottom is the signature and date approved.  All of it can be adapted to the city or organization using it.


We’ve Made It!

If you are looking for a way to complete your inspections on your mobile device and to save them as attachments to your GIS data, then you are looking for UtiliSync! Send me an email today and we can have you ready to go tomorrow.

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The Anatomy and Physiology of a Form


No one relishes completing a form, yet forms are everywhere. They add vital structure to an organization and create standard ways for completing inspections and observations.

Wouldn’t it be great if you could just go out to a construction site, outfall or manhole, make observations and not be bothered with capturing tedious amounts of data? It would be easier in the moment, but in the long run the facts needed to make data-driven decisions would be lacking.  Across many areas of our regulatory world from the FDA to Special Education to Public Works there are 2 rules that are universally accepted:

1 – If it isn’t written down, it didn’t happen.

2 – If it isn’t written down properly, you’re not sure exactly what happened.

Good forms provide fields for inspectors to enter all the information they need to complete the inspection. Better forms are organized and electronic, making them easier to complete. The Best forms feel like they were designed to help you accomplish the task at hand. They are not just “paperwork” that needs to be completed; they become a tool to guide you through the process. They can be understood by someone who is completing them for the first time, and they are fast for someone who completes them on a daily basis. They ask only the questions that are necessary, and provide simple input options that are appropriate for the question. Simply put, the best forms are a delight to complete.

Now that we have covered the generalities, let’s get into the specifics including the whats and whys of what can and should be included in the best forms.

Form Sections


The very first thing you see on any form should be a good bold title and detailed organization or city logo. The title should be at the top of the form and clearly describe the purpose of the form.  It should share the space easily with the logo.  The logo gives a very easy way to identify whose form it is.

Inspection Information

This area should be divided up into two different sections: General information and Detailed information.

The first section, general information, if set-up correctly, allows the inspector to review the information briefly or skip it altogether because he is confident it is correct every time.  Because the information is pre-populated from the GIS, it doesn’t require any extra input from the inspector.  Some of the necessary and important information that should be included in this section are: a unique identifier such as a manhole ID or construction site name, the current date, inspector and contractor.  This is not the section where data observations are entered.

The second area in this section should contain detailed information.  This is where observations should be noted. Pre-populating the fields as much as possible will give you the best chance at success with getting field personnel to complete forms.  They will only have to enter information that is unique to each inspection.  Simple things like organization name, address, or last rainfall date should all be saved in the database.  The inspector is there to make observations.  The form should do the rest.

When designing the types of questions in your form a few things should be kept in mind.  Free form is bad. It takes longer to complete, puts more responsibility on the inspector to remember everything, and it is not easy to review results later on. Instead, break down the inspection into simple questions.  Use free-form fields as a last resort. Single-select and multiple-select questions are much faster to complete, easier to review and more accurate.  The last tip is to use skip logic. Don’t ask questions that aren’t relevant. For example, don’t show the “Items due by next inspection” and “Due by date” if the site status is “Compliant”. Those are only appropriate if the site status is “Action Required”.


Most forms are not complete without a photos section. In a lot of cases it is the simplest, fastest way to document the inspection.  It may save you in the long run when questions arise about the inspection or area.


After the above sections there can also be an area included for a general status as well as a signature and date.

When completing a poor form, you are done when you answer the last question.  When completing a great form, you are left with a strong conclusion that forces you to make an overall recommendation.

Now that we have talked about what should be in the form, let’s show an example with a Construction Inspection.


Free form including only observations


Includes the work being performed and the observations


Includes the general information such as site name, number of personnel on site, size and type of equipment on site, work being performed, observations, as well as photos and a signature.

Click here to see examples of other best forms!

The Ins and Outs of 811

Did you know there are more than 20 million miles of underground utilities in the United States?  Did you also know that every six minutes an underground utility line is damaged because someone decided to dig without taking proper precautions and know what’s under their feet?

Who is in charge of protecting these lines?

Whether you call it Blue Stakes in Utah, MISS DIG in Michigan, Dig Safe in New England, JULIE in Illinois, Sunshine 811 in Florida, or Iowa One Call, utility companies, contractors and citizens should all know what 811 is.  Keep reading to learn about the laws, facts, and stories that go along with 811 in your area.


What is 811?

In March 2005, the United States Federal Communications Commission made 811 the universal number for the 71 regional services that coordinate location services for underground public utilities. Before that time, each of these “call before you dig” services had their own 800 number, which led to confusion and delay when calling for needed services.

When someone contacts 811, they are able to give the operator their contact information, where they are planning to dig, as well as the type of work they will be doing. Utility companies are then notified about the intent to dig by either email or fax.  Each utility company will then send someone to mark their affected lines within 2-3 days.

Why should Utility Owners care about 811?

First of all, it’s the law. Second of all, none of the utility owners want their utilities damaged. In Utah alone there are over 600 members of Blue Stakes of Utah 811.  They consist of entities (or utilities) associated with power, gas/oil, sewer, cable, storm drains, cities, phone service, traffic signals, water, etc. Having a line damaged is expensive and can create headaches from downed service time to injury of the excavator.

Once 811 has been notified by the excavator or citizen, the utility has 48 hours to mark their lines with the correct color, before the excavator can begin digging.  According to Utah law if no lines are in the area, the excavator must also be contacted and informed.  If 48 hours have elapsed from the time of the initial notice, and no lines have been marked and no contact has been made, the excavator can start digging.

What happens, you may ask, if a utility company improperly marks a line or fails to mark one all together?  Spanish Fork City maintenance crews damaged a communication cable when they were augering to install a drinking fountain. They contacted the utility company and understood that no damages would be assessed to the City. Nine months later, a bill for $10,000 was sent to the City for repair costs.  The City showed photo evidence that the shredded cable line was 7 to 8 feet away from the utility marking. The bill was dismissed and the utility company had to eat the cost of repairing the line.

Some cities/utility companies only get a few calls/tickets per week.  Some medium sized cities get roughly 30 to 50 per day.  And larger cities/companies receive 100’s of calls per day for utility marking. One lost ticket, one lost call, one failed marking can end up costing thousands of dollars and cause unforeseen project delays!  Tracking these calls/tickets is incredibly important for safety and profit margins.

Why call 811?

More than 30.4 million calls are made across the United States each year to 811.  Consider this, 15 percent of utility damages are caused by those engaged in small jobs such as landscaping and fencing.  Whether you are installing a mailbox and only need to dig down 8 inches or you are drilling down 80 feet for a foundation, hitting a utility line could be dangerous.  Even if no harm or injury is caused, you could take a big hit to the wallet.

Although 811 is a national number now, states still have different requirements when it comes to timelines and calling 811.  The Common Ground Alliance has compiled information about utility locating services from every state.  Click here to check how many days in advance a utility locate request must be placed, how long the markings are good for once marked, as well as the laws that pertain to utility lines in each state.

For example:

In Utah, 48 hours of advance notice must be given and the marks are then good for 14 days.  Maine requires 72 hours notice and the marks are good for a whopping 60 days.  Lastly, Hawaii needs five working days and marks are good for 28 days.

As you can see, the laws and requirements vary from state to state and it’s important to be familiar with the rules and laws of where you work and or live.

Why should citizens, cities, or excavators care about 811?

First of all, it’s the law.  Second of all, it is dangerous to dig without knowing what is below you.  If you do a Google or YouTube search of digging accidents, you will see many shocking and gruesome incidents caught on film.  Story after story will pop up detailing how someone was killed or maimed by hitting a line.  Now, while such disasters are extremely rare and generally do not happen when landscaping, injuries are possible.

If the fear of injury does not deter you, possibly a hit to the pocket book would encourage you to call 811 before you dig.  In Utah, an excavator can be fined $500 for not calling even if no line is hit. If a line is hit, fines can reach $5000 for each violation with a maximum penalty of $100,000.  In Washington, it is $1000 for the first violation and $5000 for subsequent violations. Damage to a gas line can result in a $10,000 fine, or even a gross misdemeanor charge which can land you in jail for 30 days.  The state can also recover three times the cost of repair.

So whether you work for a utility company, help manage tickets for a municipality, own a general contracting business, or are just installing a new mailbox, the 811 system from start to finish helps to protect everyone!

Did you know UtiliSync has a utility locate request ticket management module?

Click here to learn more

Let’s Fall into Outfalls!

It’s Fall, y’all!  It is a great time to be inspecting outfalls.  The irrigation water has stopped flowing and the snow has yet to come.  Now is the perfect time to review! Below we discuss what an outfall is, why and when to inspection outfalls, what needs to be included in an outfall inspection and real examples of outfall inspection forms from MS4s.

What is an Outfall?

Most MS4’s include outfall inspections as part of their Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination programs.  But what is an outfall exactly?  Under the IDDE section of the General Permit, Utah has defined an outfall as,

“a point source at the point where a municipal separate storm sewer discharges to Waters of the State and does not include open conveyances connecting two municipal separate storm sewers, or pipes, tunnels or other conveyances which connect segments of the same stream or other Waters of the State and are used to convey waters of the State.”

Other states also include discharges from a storm water system into another MS4 system.  Water can be discharged from pipes, tunnels, ditches, swales, etc.  Outfalls can be small or large, some up to 20 feet in diameter. 

Some MS4s only have a handful of outfalls. Others contain many, many outfalls.  For example, Bountiful, Utah is 13.47 square miles and contains 256 outfall locations.  While across the US, East Hempfield, PA is 21.16 square miles and contains 353 outfall locations.  Larger still is Philadelphia, PA at 141.7 square miles and contains 164 CSO (combined sewer overflow) outfalls and more than 450 stormwater outfalls.

Why and when do we inspect Outfalls?

“We normally do only dry weather inspections at outfalls where water from storm drains enters our streams; they are done to screen for illicit discharges/connections.”

– Todd Christensen Bountiful, Utah

According to the Utah permit, dry weather screening or outfall inspection activities are for the purpose of verifying outfall locations and detecting illicit discharges that discharge within the Permittee’s jurisdiction to a receiving water.

In Utah, outfalls need to be inspected at least once every 5 years for the main reason of identifying illicit discharges and possible contamination in the stormwater supply.  Generally, MS4s divide the number of their outfalls over a five-year span allowing them to inspect 20%  per year.  However, some locations are identified as High Priority and therefore are inspected every year.  As an example, in Bountiful, they have 256 outfalls. Of those, only seven are high priority and need to be inspected every year.

What needs to be included in an outfall inspection?

“To me, the most important thing is whether or not there is a discharge that is off colored or has an odor.”

– JD Shepherd Mapleton, Utah

While some states may require a standard form, the state of Utah does not.  After speaking with some inspectors and Public Works Directors, a list was compiled of important aspects and information that needs to be on a dry weather screening/outfall inspection.

  • Date
  • Time
  • Identification information about the outfall
  • Current Weather Information
  • Past Weather Information
  • Nature of Discharge
  • Quality (color, odor, clarity, solids, foam, benthic growth)
  • Flow present
  • Quality of the flow and water
  • Comments
  • Photos

Examples of Outfall and Dry Weather Screening Forms

That is all nice and good, but wouldn’t it be great to see the real forms other MS4s are using to inspect their outfalls? You can! Check out our Outfall Inspection Forms page where you can see the forms South Salt Lake, Draper and Mapleton are using.

Let’s Go

So what’s holding you back? Grab your inspection form and get out there and start inspection those outfalls!

If you are looking for a way to complete your inspections on your mobile device and to save them as attachments to your GIS data, then you are looking for UtiliSync! Send me an email today and we can have you ready to go tomorrow.

Did you like this post? Click here to be added to our email list and you will receive our posts twice a month.

MS4 Compliance in Arizona

UtiliSync is a GIS-based software platform that automates the entire documentation process; from generating forms, to completing records and distributing and archiving those records. Watch this video to see how it works.

Why Documentation?

The revised General Permit for Small MS4s in Arizona became effective September 30, 2016. As a Small MS4, you are required to perform certain activities and to document those activities. If you do not, you could face large fines from the State and EPA. Just ask Salt Lake County, Utah, how serious the EPA is regarding documentation. They were hit with a $280,000 fine for not having the proper documentation in place during an audit.

Documentation Automation

UtiliSync can help with documenting all of our MS4 activities. Watch an interactive demo.

Documentation Requirements

In general, MS4s operating under the Small MS4 General Permit are required to keep all records required by the permit for a minimum period of three years (Part 8.2), including:

  • Monitoring results
  • Copies of reports
  • Records of Screening
  • Follow-up and elimination of illicit discharges
  • Maintenance records
  • Inspection records
  • Enforcement actions
  • Data used in the development of the NOI, SWMP, plans and annual reports

Monitoring Records

Records of monitoring information must include, at a minimum:

  • Date
  • Exact place
  • Time of monitoring event
  • Individuals who performed the analyses
  • Analytical techniques or methods used
  • Results

The monitoring results need to be submitted to the State in a Discharge Monitoring Report (Part 8.3).

Annual Report

A summary report needs to be submitted annually. The purpose of the report is to document and summarize implementation of the SWMP during the previous year and evaluate program results. UtiliSync can be used to track activities that are included in the report, such as:

  • IDDE: Number of illicit discharges detected, responded to, eliminated, and enforcement actions taken.
  • Construction site Stormwater Runoff Control: Inventory, number of sites visited, and enforcement actions taken.
  • Post-Construction: Number of enforcement actions and site visits conducted.
  • Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations: Inventory of municipal facilities and stormwater inspections for each facility.

Want to see for yourself how UtiliSync is automating documentation for MS4s? Watch this video or schedule a live demo.

Salt Lake County Case Study

The EPA, under the Clean Water Act, requires MS4’s to perform certain activities (e.g. inspections, maintenance) and to document those activities. If you do not do both, you could face large fines from the State and EPA.

Just ask Salt Lake County, Utah, how serious the EPA is regarding documentation. They were hit with a $280,000 fine. Russ Wall, Director of Public Works, said most of the deficiencies identified by the State and EPA were related to record-keeping.

“We had been complying, but we hadn’t been documenting everything we were doing, so there was no proof of what we had been doing.”

After the County was assessed the fine, they took a hard look at their inspection process. Their crews did a great job visiting each inspection site on a regular basis, but, despite their best efforts, they could not keep up with the paperwork associated with documenting the activities.

“From the first time I saw the demo of UtiliSync, I immediately understood the value it would provide to me and my inspection crews,” remembers Greg Baptist, Stormwater Construction Supervisor for the County. “We have made several improvements to our workflow to stay in compliance and avoid future fines. One of the most significant improvements we have made was to implement the use of the UtiliSync software.”

Mr. Baptist says the County has benefited from using UtiliSync in several ways:

  • Our process is 2 to 4 times faster. No more paper. It is all completed electronically in the field.
  • We are confident a record of every inspection is being distributed to the appropriate parties and archived for audit purposes.
  • The work satisfaction of our inspectors has increased. They see this as an investment in making their job easier.

To conclude, Mr. Baptist says, “We are pleased with how UtiliSync has helped us do our jobs better and I gladly recommend it to anyone who has an MS4 program or similar to oversee.”